The Total Human Model for Safety, or THUMS™, is a joint development of Toyota Motor Corporation and Toyota Central R&D Labs. Unlike dummy models, which are simplified representation of humans, THUMS represents actual humans in detail, including the outer shape, but also bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and internal organs. Therefore, THUMS can be used in automotive crash simulations to identify safety problems and find their solutions.
THUMS is limited to civilian use and may under no circumstances be used in military applications.
The latest Version of the THUMS model is Version 4. THUMS sizes, Three different sizes of the model are available: